Chickenpox ; Varicella zoster is a rash which is made by a genus called zoster, with small bubbles filled with water all over the body. It is the most communicable disease. The person who passes the corridor in 2-3 hours can catch the chickenpox. The virus can stay alive for 2-3 hours in the air.
Cough and sneezing of the sick person spreading into the air with the virus can infect the healthy person with the air or all kinds of close contact with the person, contact with the person’s body rash, and contact with the items used by the sick child can be infected with the disease.
7 Chickenpox can be seen at any age, including the newborn child, but 90% of the patients are children of 5-10 age group. It can cause outbreaks in places where children, especially in kindergarten and primary schools, are present. The highest incidence is between January and May.
Rash in the disease; 10-21 days after receiving the virus (average 12-18 days) occurs. 24-48 hours before the rash occurs, the patient begins to spread the virus to the environment by breathing and 6-7 after the rashes develop. until the day from the rash to the virus continues to spread. During this time, the patient infects the disease. When all of the spills are crusted, the infection ends.
Chickenpox; The disease starts with mild fever, malaise, lack of appetite and manifests itself in the form of small redness in the skin within 24-48 hours. On these rashes there are transparent, oval, water-filled sachets which are similar to the tear drop. These liquid-filled vesicles are disintegrated within 24-48 hours and the liquid in it is ejected and crusted. For 6-7 days, these spills continue to appear in certain parts of the body.
Chickenpox in baby
These rashes starting from the abdomen and the body can spread to the neck, face, mouth and even to the scalp, eyes, genital organs. The disease is different in every child. It can be observed in older children and in young adults with more severe lesions that cover the whole body, especially in young children and in children with a few rashes.
As the age progresses, the severity of the disease increases. The disease is much more severe in pregnant women. Even in the first few months of pregnancy, it can cause various anomalies in the child and may also cause miscarriages.
The possibility of a second time in people who have a disease may be very small.
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The virus can survive 20-30-40 years on the nerve endings in the body after passing the chickenpox. Shingles may occur with water-like rashes along the nerve that a person holds when the body’s resistance is broken. Children who come into contact with an adult who has a shingles may have chickenpox, or even an outbreak of chickenpox.
Because the disease is a disease made by viruses, antibiotics are not available for treatment. Itching against itching can be given by the anti-itch drugs. People who take care of children should wash their hands frequently. The nails should be cut, the nail tips should be brushed with a brush, so that the itching parts can be prevented from getting bacterial infection from the nails. If there is fever, necessary precautions should be taken, paracetemol or ibuprofen type antiperspirants recommended by your doctor may be used.
SHOULD SHOULD BE NEVER SUCCESSFUL AS A FIRE SHOCK. HEAVY TABLES MAY TAKE A HEAVY COMMAND WHEN THE ASPIRINE IS USED IN THE CHİCKENPOX
. Clothing and linen should be changed every day. Abundant fluid intake should be provided. Children should be prevented from contacting with other children. Children should not be sent to school for 1 week. The child’s clothes should not be dressed in healthy children. Excessive dressing should be avoided.
PROTECTION: Nowadays, it is possible to be protected with a vaccine from chickenpox. The protection of the vaccine is around 90-95%.
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