how to understand visual impairment in infants
The most common visual impairment are uncorrected refractive errors and strabismus. In order for the floating eye to learn to see the strabismus, it is necessary to treat the child with glasses or surgery at the earliest age. Even if strabismus is corrected, the treatment should be performed for laziness. 9- It is not possible to treat laziness, which is not treated until the age of 10, and develops as a result of visual impairment.
visual impairment in infants
When the baby’s vision develops, the image from the two eyes coincides with the brain and the brain begins to have depth, that is, three-dimensional vision. Routine eye check-up is mandatory for children aged 18-24 months. During this period, the chance of catching and treating problems in the eye is high. visual impairment in infants can also be understood without reading the letters on the wall. All children must be examined by an ophthalmologist, even if they do not have any problems before they are 4 years old.
When the baby’s vision develops, the image from the two eyes coincides with the brain and the brain begins to have depth, that is, three-dimensional vision. Three-dimensional vision is very important; congenital cataract, congenital eye height in one eye, visual defect in two eyes (one eye 0, one eye +3) and if there is a pronounced shift in the eye, three-dimensional vision cannot be fully achieved. If congenital cataract is present, it gives a symptom and a white spot on the eye is noticed. If congenital eye pressure is present, the affected eye becomes enlarged.
However, if there are more than + 2 visual defects between the two eyes, it may not be possible to detect this condition in the child. If one eye sees a clear, blurred eye, it assumes that the brain does not have a blurred one. There is also a period of mixing in the eye shift, the family does not matter, but the child is seeing the couple at that time. During confusion = confusion, the brain ignores the floating image and causes eye laziness.
Routine eye check up is mandatory for children aged 18-24 months. In this period, we have a very high chance of catching all these problems and starting treatment.
At the age of three, we catch these problems, but the treatment of amblyopia is about 7 years old. The brain can’t learn to see it after 7. If one eye is lazy, we must remind the brain to the eye and the eye that becomes lazy with the intact eye-closing treatment to force the lazy eye. Since the brain no longer accepts such exercises about vision after age 7, the longer we have an educational period of up to 7 years, the greater the chance of success. For all these reasons, all children are required to undergo routine ophthalmic check between 1.5 and 2 years of age.
How to treatment visual impairment and tear duct obstructions in babies?
Any type of eye infection requires an ophthalmologist check. The baby or child should be taken to the ophthalmologist in any eye, regardless of redness and bruising in both eyes.
Dacryocystitis, which is congenital tear duct obstruction, is observed in approximately 8 percent of babies. In this case, the canal is drained and the canal is drained. The tear flows backwards from the tear sac and causes inflammation and chipping. In this case, treatment with antibiotics is required, also eye massage should be applied.
Massage should be applied to the two nasal roots in the form of suction pump. Thus, pressure is applied on the membrane blocking the tear duct. If the tear duct is clogged, it is opened under general anesthesia with the help of a silver bar if the infant does not open spontaneously at the age of one year. This is a very simple process that takes five minutes of our time.
What is the importance of eye check-up at a young age?
When babies are born, they can only see in certain proportions. As you use your eyes, their visual potential increases. Within the first 9 years, the vision system develops exactly, and then there is no significant change. All children must be examined by an ophthalmologist, even if they do not have any problems before they are 4 years old. It is very important for children who have come to school age to be examined before starting school, to determine eye problem before too late and to prevent learning difficulties due to eye problems in school.
What are the most common eye problems in children?
The most common visual impairment in children are uncorrected refractive errors and strabismus. In order for the floating eye to learn to see the strabismus, it is necessary to treat the child with glasses or surgery at the earliest age. Even if strabismus is corrected, the treatment should be performed for laziness. 9- It is not possible to treat laziness, which is not treated until the age of 10, and develops as a result of visual impairment.
What are the treatment modalities for children?
A hypermetropic or astigmatism eye above a certain number; he can be lazy because he does not learn to see well and clearly in his childhood. Also when the number difference between the two eyes is greater, the eye with a higher number remains lazy.
The treatment of amblyopia is an important eye problem which is possible only until 9-10 years of age. The late the treatment of laziness, the more the result will fail. Therefore, children are advised to undergo a 3enes4 year old eye examination at the latest. In the treatment of lazy eye, the good eye is closed and the lazy eye learns to see it alone.
Strabismus is the case that the eyes cannot look parallel. One of the eyes is looking at the target while the other is directed. If strabismus is in one eye, the eyebrow eye is less visible and lazy. There is no sense of depth in the squint eyes or little development. Strabismus; childhood strabismus, paralytic strabismus (eye muscles paralysis) and secondary strabismus.
The most common childhood strabismus are internal and external strabismus. Sometimes they can only be single-sided. Strabismus is usually seen in hypermetropic eyes. Sometimes strabismus can only be corrected by the use of glasses. If the glasses can not be fully corrected strabismus surgery need to be corrected. A constant floating eye can see little and cannot learn to see well, it remains lazy. In childhood, the eyes are mostly myopia.
Amblyopia is very important disease
The outward shift can sometimes be obvious sometimes obvious. In this type of strabismus, sunlight can make hidden strabismus obvious. The child tends to unilaterally close his sunglasses. Someti mes they can only be single-sided. Depression is reduced in single-sided outward shifts. Laziness may also develop.
One of the most important causes of strabismus is paralysis of nerves from the eye muscles. These paralyzes are sometimes congenital, sometimes resulting in trauma or fever. In addition, an obstacle in the optical environment of the eye may cause the eye to shift outwardly when it does not see the secondary strabismus (cataract, cap lower, etc.).
The eye’s number is the result of the refractive value of the eye. This value determines the inclination of the cornea and the length of the eye. The eye’s number does not change with any habit. In other words, it is not recommended to use glasses / glasses, high / low number of glasses to use, very few reading / not to increase the number of eyes does not reduce.
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