With the arrival of spring, allergic diseases tend to increase in general. These include, among others, hay-fever, allergic rhinitis, spring fever; Allergic rhinitis is the most common disease. In general, the spring season of the plants, the production of pollen is quite high.

These pollens cause allergic rhinitis in humans. This is why the disease is called spring fever. The most important reason for spring fever is the male reproductive powders of trees, flowers, meadows, grains and herbs called pollen. These dusts can be transported by winds, even up to 500 km away. Meadow, flower, grain, trees and weeds are the most important sources of pollen. Tree and flower pollen February-April; cereal, meadow pollen May-July; wild weed pollens are mostly spread in August-October. In addition, some fungal genera can cause allergic rhinitis by acting like pollen through their spores.


Spring fever; It starts around 4 to 5 years of age in children, with the highest incidence in the 12 to 15 years. No allergic rhinitis occurs in every child who experiences pollen. In children with genetic predisposition to allergies (atopic body), the likelihood of allergic rhinitis is much higher. One in five children in the community has a susceptibility to allergies. The plant species that each child is sensitive to can be different.

The first encounter with pollen may not usually cause disease. Repeated encounters are important. The disease usually begins min 2 weeks after the onset of the pollen season and ends 1 – 2 weeks after the end of the pollen season. March, April, May, June are the most common months of allergic rhinitis. This plant pollen in the spring also called hives among the public; The skin may be puffy, the edges are red, the middle may cause pale itchy skin lesions. Its name in medical language is urticaria plaques. Insect bites and insect stings can also cause similar skin lesions.

Nasal cells that are transported by the air through the nasal cells of children produce a substance called Histamine which is a chemical weapon. This substance disrupts the permeability of nasal cells and expands the nasal veins. Expanding and increasing the permeability of these vessels exudes liquid. This leaking fluid causes itching and swelling in the nose, making it difficult to breathe through the nose.

Allergic rhinitis usually follows the following symptoms:

Sneezes (several times a day for a half-hour period) Itching on the nose, lip, palate and throat Nasal obstruction A clear nasal discharge like water Nasal bleeding sometimes

Bosphorus cleaning request Cough (several times a day for a half-hour period, with a dry, squeal of cough) Redness, itching and watering in the eyes

Bruises under eye Headache, face pain

Smoke Oral breathing

Disorder in taste and smell sensations View of a distressed face Fatigue, perceived difficulty, sleep disturbance Pitting in the upper palate in children with prolonged recurrent attacks

Degradation of teeth in children with prolonged recurrent attacks

In children with allergic problems, the following precautions should be taken: In the environment of the child, in the room, even in the entire house should definitely not smoke.

Allergic children; she shouldn’t wear lingerie, woolen and fluffy clothes.

Mercerized, cotton or synthetic clothing should be preferred.

Pollens are most intense in the spring, especially between 5 and 10 am in the morning.

Children with allergic problems should not be taken out on the street during this time, and should be removed with a mask. Allergic children should go out on the street with hats and glasses and goggles should be washed daily in running water. Allergic children should stay away from flowers, trees, grasses during the flowering season called pollen season.

In the first spring, when pollen is intense, she should wear new clothes and take her clothes outside her bedroom in the evening. In the spring, when pollen is intense, windows should be kept as close as possible.

This should be taken into consideration especially in the early morning when the pollen is the most and starts to fly. Especially in the spring, before going to bed in the morning to take a bath to clean pollen.


Windows should not be opened during periods of heavy air pollution.

Allergic children in the spring when going out to the outside of the nose and eye edges of petroleum jelly should be applied. Pollens stick to the nose and the eyes less enter.

Clothes of allergic children should not be dried outdoors.

Clothes should be rinsed with plenty of water, rinsed twice, and if possible dried in a dryer or indoors. In the room where the child is located, especially in the bedroom should not contain plants and flowers.

Air conditioning in the room with allergic children; the air in the room should be a special air conditioner that does not breathe air and the air conditioner filters should be cleaned frequently.

Pollen filters should be used in the room where allergic children are present and these filters should be cleaned frequently. The temperature of the room where the allergic children are located should be between 20-22 degrees and the humidity between 45-50%.

Dry and hot air causes more severe allergic symptoms.

Allergic children should enter the bathroom first and wash out quickly.

the house should be kept damp.

Especially ground floors and old buildings should not be preferred as a settlement.

Allergic children should not be present in dusty, dirty, pollen environments; they should wear a mask if they are to be found. Do not keep the windows open when traveling by car.

Air conditioning should be used for air exchange.

For children of allergic children, if possible, high mountains should be preferred if there are sea sides or trees and plants. Do not use paint, perfume, deodorant, hair spray or cologne.

Paint, whitewash and oil paint at home should be removed from home; children at least 3-4 days until the smell in the house to go well, should not be introduced into the home.

Children should be laid in the room where the laundry should not be laid.

Water should not be boiled in the room to humidify the room.

They increase the humidity in the room and cause fungal spores to grow, which can cause allergies in the child. Insects in the house can cause allergic reactions, especially cockroaches.

When the child is not at home, home should be treated against cockroaches. Children should not be used unnecessary drugs, dyed additive drugs should be avoided.

As aspirin, aspirin should not be used.

For heating, tube stoves and central heating should be preferred, gasless gas stove and tube stoves should not be used.

Everything that keeps dust from the bedroom should be removed from the whole house. Anti-allergic sprays should be used for all items that cannot be removed and dusted.

There should not be a bookcase in the bedroom, carpet should be kept on the floor, rugs should not be stored in the wardrobe, fur, sweater, hats should not be stored like wool, closet doors should be kept closed.

In the bedroom or even in the whole house, any kind of room spray, no smelling substances such as naphthalene should be kept.

The child’s bedroom should be cleaned every day with a vacuum cleaner and dust should be removed with a damp cloth. The bottom of the bed where the child is lying should be thin springs and the upper part of the sponge. She uses quilts, pillows; fiber, cotton or synthetic products.

The duvet, pillow and mattress covers must be made of 100% cotton or fibers. Hairy and wool blankets should never be used. All duvets, pillows, mattress covers should be changed every week, washed with hot water above 60 degrees and then ironed.

Liquid detergent instead of powder detergent, even soap powder should be preferred. Fragrant softeners and cleaners should never be used, the items should be rinsed with plenty of water.

On sunny days, items such as quilts, pillows and covers should be removed, ventilated and shaken, if possible spread to the sun, and removed from dust and mold in airy environments.

Even the whole house in the bedroom should be ventilated frequently. All curtains in the house should be light and easily washable fabrics, roller blinds should be preferred.

Chairs, seats; should be covered with leather or synthetic leather. The child’s toys must be made of wood, metal or plastic. Stuffed toys should never be given to allergic children.

Toys should be easily washable.

The heater and all air vents should be cleaned with a vacuum cleaner.

No pets in the house. Animals such as cats, dogs, and birds should never be introduced into the house.

Only animals such as fish and turtles can be allowed in the aquarium. Items should be kept in closed cupboards instead of open shelves.

The bedroom is even the entire home floor; must be covered with wood, stone, marley or linoleum.

Chocolate, wafers, dyed gum, jellybeans, chips, coke, ale,cacao foods, ready fruit juices, all prepared foods; all cookies except ;foods such as sausage, salami, sausage, ketchup, mayonnaise; fruits such as figs, kiwi, strawberries, bananas, pineapples and tangerines can increase allergy.

As far away as possible. Sadness, stress, fear, anxiety, excitement, failures in lessons can trigger allergy, as far as possible. Infections such as colds, flu, colds can increase allergy. Protect as much as possible; the disease should be treated early.

These measures may help your child to become less frequent;

The disease is more mild and lasts shorter. As a result, your child uses less medication. The main principle of treatment is the presence of substances or substances that cause allergic rhinitis.

For this, the family should be a good observer; In which environment or when the substance is encountered, the child should try to determine that allergy develops. At the end of this observation, if a family suspects any substance or substance, the child should be removed from the environment or the child should be prevented from contacting the substance.

Sensitive substance detection by family may not always be easy. In such cases, these substances or substances can be detected by skin tests performed in allergy units..

Children who have frequent allergic rhinitis problems may be prescribed medication during pollen season. Drug therapy should be started before the allergy season and drug treatment should be continued throughout the allergy season (at least 3-6 months).

Drug treatment in children; new oral antihistamines, nasal antihistamines and nasal spray with cortisone can be used in the control of the doctor. If contact with allergies cannot be prevented and the results cannot be achieved with medication; Treatment methods such as desensitization therapy (Allergen Immunotherapeutic) may be applied to reduce susceptibility in allergy units.

Allergy tests and vaccines are not methods that can be applied immediately to every patient in case of allergy. Especially in children under 5 years of age, these tests may not yield very accurate results.

Do not expect to recover immediately with the test and vaccination. These are also a form of treatment and this treatment requires a long time.


Spring fever is not a very severe disease, but it affects the child’s quality of life negatively. It disrupts sleep quality, adversely affects appetite, lowers course success. It disrupts family, school and friend relationships. Makes the child moody, restless and unsuccessful. Spring fever should not be said, the event should not be taken lightly. If left untreated, it may cause more advanced diseases such as allergic rhinitis, frequent upper respiratory tract infection, recurrent otitis media, hearing loss, sinusitis, pneumonia, bronchitis and asthma. For this reason, early diagnosis should be made and treatment should be started immediately.

Our previous article The Symptoms of Sinus Infection In Children! in the title the Symptoms of Sinusitis in Children! ve What is Sinus Infection information is provided..

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